High Performance Storage System

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Incremental Scalability
Based on storage needs and deployment schedules, HPSS scales incrementally by adding computer, network and storage resources. A single HPSS namespace can scale from petabytes of data to exabytes of data, from millions of files to billions of files, and from a few file-creates per second to thousands of file-creates per second.
About HPSS   :   HPSS Collaboration

The HPSS Collaboration between IBM Houston Global Services and what are now five DOE National Laboratories (Lawrence Berkeley, Lawrence Livermore, Los Alamos, Oak Ridge, and Sandia) began in the fall of 1992. The goal was to produce a highly scalable high performance storage system. The High Performance Storage System (HPSS) needed to provide scalable hierarchical storage management (HSM), archive, and file system services. No product meeting the requirements existed. When HPSS design and implementation began scientific computing power and storage capabilities at a site, such as a DOE national laboratory, was measured in a few 10s of gigaops, data archived in HSMs in a few 10s of terabytes at most, data throughput rates to an HSM in a few megabytes/sec, and daily throughput with the HSM in a few gigabytes/day. At that time, the DOE national laboratory and IBM HPSS design team recognized that we were headed for a data storage explosion driven by computing power rising to teraops/petaops requiring data stored in HSMs to rise to petabytes and beyond, data transfer rates with the HSM to rise to gigabytes/sec and higher, and daily throughput with a HSM in 10s of terabytes/day. Therefore, we set out to design and deploy a system that would scale by a factor of 1,000 or more and evolve from the base above toward these expected targets and beyond.

Because of the highly scalable HPSS architecture these targets have been successfully met. We now recognize that computing power will rise to exa-flops by about 2020 with a corresponding rise in the need to scale storage in its various dimensions by another factor of 1,000. Further, other major application domains, such as real-time data collection, also require such extreme scale storage. We believe the HPSS architecture and basic implementation, built around a scalable relational database management system (IBM’s Db2) make it well suited to this challenge.

For a distributed collaboration such as the HPSS Collaboration that is producing a major software system to be successful, careful thought went into its basic organization. Its basic governing document is a Collaboration Agreement spelling out intellectual property rights of the development partners and their management and organization. IBM has the responsibilities for commercialization and deployment, outside the development partners. There is an Executive Committee co-chaired by IBM and DOE lab representatives that sets major development and other policies. This group meets several times a year, primarily by teleconference. HPSS development is overseen by a Technical Committee coordinated by an IBM project manager. This group is generally organized around the major architectural modules of the system. It meets weekly, and more often as needed, by teleconference and once or twice a year in person. Development of the system follows industry standard software engineering practices. Following these software engineering practices has been a major factor in its success in producing a stable maintainable product.

The HPSS collaboration is based on the premise that no single organization has the experience and resources to meet all the challenges represented by the growing imbalance between computing power and data collection capabilities, and storage system I/O, capacity, and functionality. Over 20 organizations including industry, Department of Energy (DOE), other federal laboratories, universities, National Science Foundation (NSF) supercomputer centers and French Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique (CEA) have contributed to various aspects of this effort.

The primary HPSS development team consists of

  • Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique, Direction des Applications Militaires (Bruyeres le Chatel, France)
  • Gleicher Enterprises (Tucson, AZ)
  • IBM Global Business Services (Houston, TX)
  • Lawrence Berkeley National Energy Research Supercomputer Center (Berkeley, CA)
  • Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (Livermore, CA)
  • Los Alamos National Laboratory (Los Alamos, NM)
  • Oak Ridge National Laboratory (Oak Ridge, TN)
  • Sandia National Laboratories (Albuquerque, NM)

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Come meet with us!
2018 HUF
The 2018 HPSS User Forum will be hosted by the UK Met Office in Exeter, United Kingdom from October 15th through October 18th, 2018. Please contact us if you would like to meet with the HPSS Collaboration leaders, HPSS Collaboration developers, architects, system engineers, support staff, project managers, and many of the HPSS customers.

The 2018 HUF information and registration web site is here. Hope to see you there!

HPSS @ SC18
The 2018 international conference for high performance computing, networking, storage and analysis will be in Dallas, Texas from November 11th through 15th, 2018 - Learn More. Come visit the HPSS folks at the IBM booth and contact us if you would like to meet with the IBM business and technical leaders of HPSS in Dallas.

HPSS @ MSST 2019
The 35th International Conference on Massive Storage Systems and Technology will be in Santa Clara, California in May of 2019 - Learn More. Please contact us if you would like to meet with the IBM business and technical leaders of HPSS at Santa Clara University.

HPSS @ ISC19
The 2019 international conference for high performance computing, networking, and storage will be in Frankfurt, Germany from June 16th through 20th, 2019 - Learn More. Come visit the HPSS folks at the IBM booth and contact us if you would like to meet with the IBM business and technical leaders of HPSS in Frankfurt.
What's New?
Best of Breed for Tape - HPSS 7.5.2 and 7.5.2p1 improvements raise HPSS tape library efficiency to 99% on both IBM and Spectra Logic tape libraries.

HPSS 7.5.2 Release - HPSS 7.5.2 was released in June 2018 and introduces many new and exciting improvements.

Explosive data growth - HPSS Collaboration leadership from Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory's National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC) helped author the "NERSC Storage 2020" report, and NERSC trusts HPSS to meet their immediate and long term data storage challenges.

HPSS Vendor Partnership Grows - HPSS begins Quantum Scalar i6000 tape library testing in 2018. Other HPSS tape vendor partners include IBM, Oracle, and Spectra Logic.

Swift On HPSS - Leverage OpenStack Swift to provide an object interface to data in HPSS. Directories of files and containers of objects can be accessed and shared across ALL interfaces with this OpenStack Swift Object Server implementation - Contact Us for more information, or Download Now.

Capacity Leader - ECMWF (European Center for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts) has a single HPSS namespace with 318 PB spanning 330 million files.

File-Count Leader - LLNL (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory) has a single HPSS namespace with 41 PB spanning 1.084 billion files.

RAIT - Oak Ridge National Laboratory cut redundant tape cost-estimates by 75% with 4+P HPSS RAIT (tape stripe with rotating parity) and enjoy large file tape transfers beyond 1 GB/s.
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